Cataract is the frosting of the lens inside the eyes, which cause deterioration of vision, and is mostly related to old age, although it could be congenital and appear in young children.
Treatment is with surgical removal of the cataract and replacing it with a new artificial lens.
These days cataract surgery is straightforward and most of the cases is accomplished with microscopic incisions without the need of suturing. The surgery is usually performed under local anaesthesia and the patient could be at his or her home the same day.
If the patient request, a laser refractive surgery could be applied to provide wider range of vision to cover the far, intermediate, and near vision (Prebyond laser surgery). Presbyond laser surgery has the benefit of maintaining the quality of the vision, which could be compromised with other methods of correcting distance and near vision simultaneously.
IS CATARACT SURGERY SAFE?
The cataract surgery is a straightforward in 95% of the cases, however according to the royal college of ophthalmologists, the risk of vision-compromising severe infection could be one in 1,000. There is almost 1 to 5% rate of complication, which could mean that the patient would need further operations, however the outcome would still be very good.
HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO RECOVER FROM CATARACT SURGERY?
Most of the patients report that their vision improved significantly the very next day, with further improvement expected in the first 2 weeks. Vision improvement might be delayed up to 2 months in case of a hard cataract.
WHICH LENS IS BETTER MONOFOCAL OR MULTIFOCAL?
Each lens comes with its advantages and disadvantages. In principle, the MONOFOCAL offers a better quality of vision and the MULTIFOCAL gives more independence from reading glasses. The new EDOF (Extended Depth Of Focus) lenses, fits in the middle between the monofocal and multifocal, with similar quality of vision like the monofocal but less chance to be spectacles independent in comparison to multifocal. During the consultation, the patient will be provided with the choices that suit his needs.
HOW MUCH DOES CATARACT SURGERY COST?